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Learn the Different Wine Regions of the World


  • France
  • Bordeaux: One of the most famous wine areas in the world, Bordeaux simply permits 5 red grape varietals, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Malbec and Petit Verdot, and also the majority of bottle of wines are a mix of these. The wines tend to be full-bodied and well-structured wines of nobility and grace, at their best. They exhibit dark fruits and sometimes earth, cedar, tobacco and pencil lead-like aromas and flavors. They generally age very well. Generally, “left bank” appellations such as Pauillac, St.-Estephe, St.-Julien, Margaux and also Graves have high percentages of Cabernet in the blend while “right bank” wines such as St.-Emillion and Pomerol have more Merlot. The dry white wines produced largely be composed of Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon and Muscadelle. The whites are minerally, rich wines that can also age well. Wonderful white wines are also made in the appellation of Sauternes and Barsac.
  • Wine red: Most of the bottle of wines of the Cate d’Or, the most famous component of Burgundy, are made from either 100 % Pinot Noir for reds or from 100 % Chardonnay for whites, although there are a couple of exceptions. These each make potentially extensive bottle of wines that can have a seductiveness that is hard to resist. The reds vary from fruity and light to meaty, earthy, and floral dark fruits and everything in between. The whites are full-bodied and full of minerals as well. Both can be very complex and have great finesse with a silky mouth feel.
  • Northern Rhane Valley: The Northern Rhane, which includes such appellations as Hermitage, Crozes-Hermitage, Cornas and also St.-Joseph, primarily enriches red bottle of wines from the Syrah grape. These wine areas, particularly the initial two, make profound wines which age well and have wonderful, great smoky dark tastes and a creamy appearance. There is some white wine made, mainly from Marsanne, except in the villages of Condrieu and the Chateau Grillet which make fragrant whites from Viognier.
  • Southern Rhane Valley: The southern part of the valley produces meaty, rich red wines like the north, but from a very different mix of grapes. In fact, 13 red varietals are permitted in Chateauneuf-du-Pape, the most popular village around. The most common in order of decreasing usage in blends are Grenache, Syrah and Mourvedre. These wines are generally rich and chewy with excellent aromatics that echo the scents of the Provenasal hillsides, smelling of wild herbs and flowers. They additionally often be rather mineral due to the large stones that are in many of the vineyards. A bit of white wine is made as well, a large percentage from the Roussanne grape.
  • Loire Valley: The, Savennieres and the Coteaux du Layon, all which can vary from dry to extremely pleasant. These Loire is among the largest wine regions in France with lots of sub-regions so it is difficult to generalize. For white wines, there are three important grapes. Chenin Blanc makes the wines of Vouvray are vibrant, fresh, mineral-imbued bottle of wines that are capable of improvement with air. They can be a fantastic value as they are under-appreciated on the world market. Sauvignon Blanc is the grape of several regions including Sancerre and Pouilly-Fuma. They make medium to full-bodied wines which can show smoky minerality like flint or even a floral grassiness. They are superb meals wines. Ultimately, the melon de Bourgogne makes simple, fresh as well as pure light-bodied whites in Muscadet that are very revitalizing and also terrific with shellfish and other seafood.
  • Alsace: Alsace is a small region that is near the border with Germany. Its beautiful towns look more Germanic than French and the food is similar as well. Unlike most of the previous regions in which you will certainly not locate the grape varietal pointed out on the wine label, in these wine regions most of the wines are named for the grape, often with a vineyard or town name also. There are several grape varietals grown but the most prevalent as well as essential are Riesling, Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer and also Muscat. All could make completely dry bottle of wines and also late harvest sweet wines (called Vendange Tardive or Variety de Grains Nobles, which are one of the most sweet, generated from shriveled concentrated grapes). The styles for each and every differ so see our Wine Varietals web page for even more specifics on a few of the wine designs.
  • Tuscany: This large area in the middle of Italy is most well-known for Chianti, an area that expands mostly Sangiovese. The wines are fruity and natural, with excellent acid, making them outstanding food wines. Brunello is another area with cabernets made from a breed of Sangiovese called Sangiovese grosso or Brunello which are a lot more complete bodied and could age effectively. While there are many tiny sub-regions, lots of wines from Tuscany have actually gone their very own method and also generate interesting brand-new wines from any sort of variety of varietals, from Bordeaux varietals like Cabernet and also Merlot to traditional Italian grapes. These differ greatly in style however are usually called “Super Tuscans” or Vino da Tavola (essentially, table wines).
  • Piedmont: In the north of Italy, this region is recognize most for its abundant, seductive wines made from the Nebbiolo grape in wine regions such as Barolo and Barbaresco. These bottle of wines can be profound as well as deserve a special search, nevertheless they can be rather costly. Easier to manage are the table wines made from Barbera which makes a nice rich, heady as well as fruity wine that is outstanding with food (often referred to as the poor-man’s Barolo). Dolcetto is a lighter grape makings easy, fresh and also fruity wines for very easy drinking.
  • California: It is quite hard to generalize with wine areas like America. There are no constraints on what sorts of grapes you could expand where so there is a huge range of wine kinds as well as designs created. There are additionally no really native grapes so all the types of grapes are ones brought from France, Germany, Italy as well as other Vintage nations. In general, American wines often be more fruit-forward and ripe. Part of this is the warmer climate, yet it is possibly additionally a stylistic distinction. Here are some generalizations concerning the different wine areas within California.
  • Napa and also Sonoma Valleys: These are two of the earliest areas that have actually been producing bottle of wines in America. Lots of grape varietals are planted but Cabernet Sauvignon, Red wine, Zinfandel, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc are all prominent. Designs vary considerably from grape to grape and from producer to manufacturer. The majority of Napa as well as a few of Sonoma are most ideal for the Bordeaux varietals like Cabernet and also Red wine.
  • Central Coastline: This is a big region ranging from around Santa Barbara and all the method approximately just south of the Bay Area. Many kinds of wines are grown here but because of the somewhat cooler problems in many parts of the main shore grapes like Chardonnay as well as Pinot Noir appear to do specifically well right here. Syrah has likewise tackled as well as reveals a great deal of promise at numerous exceptional vineyards.
  • Russian Stream Valley: This is technically part of Sonoma, at the far northern end of the valley, yet is typically taken into consideration independently. Once again, like the main coast, this often have a cooler climate, with fog and also great air can be found in from the Pacific to cool the creeping plants. This makes it superb for cooler weather grapes like Pinot Noir and Chardonnay as well.
  • Germany: It is an embarrassment to lump all the bottle of wines of Germany right into one paragraph. There are a number of wine producing regions and many terrific wines which range from bone dry to sticky sweet. The large majority are white wines, a lot of exceptionally produced from Riesling, the worthy grape of Germany. You do see various other grapes also but most are hybrids of Riesling and other grapes. In regions like the Mosel-Saar-Ruwer river valleys, the Pfalz and Rheinngau, profound wines can be made. There is a complex set of names for the degree of perfection of bottle of wines, varying from dry to pleasant. However, also the wonderful wines are not cloying as well as difficult to drink as the best Rieslings have intense mineral flavors and level of acidity to hold it with each other and give it power as well as grip. These can be truly wonderful bottle of wines that mature a very long time.
  • Spain: Once more, sorry to abbreviate an entire country right into one part. Spain produces a variety of wine styles in lots of various areas. Among the most famous, Rioja, makes gorgeous aromatic merlots from the Tempranillo grape, which is typically mixed with others. Various other regions like Priorat as well as Rueda among others have actually come on strong of late as well as can be found in several wine stores. White wines and also Rosato are additionally made in most of these areas. Sherry is a special wine generated in a couple wine regions in Spain. It is a prepared white wine which is cask aged and can been anywhere from dry to sweet. They have actually one-of-a-kind oxidized taste that some people enjoy as well as some hate. It has actually been referred to as nutty as well as honeyed. It makes an excellent aperitif, dessert wine or perhaps goes along with some foods beautifully.
  • Madeira: Madeira is an autonomous Portuguese island chain in the North Atlantic Ocean which is known for its wine by the same name. This is a fortified wine which is also made in dry and sweet versions like Sherry. Many people compare it to Port because of some similarities but they can be quite different in flavor, with Madeira exhibiting a roasted, smoky aroma and flavor. These are often aged a long time before release and even today you can find 19th century examples for sale frequently.
  • Australia: Like California, there are no indigenous grapes in Australia and so they produce several types of wine including Cabernet, Merlot, Grenache, Chardonnay and others. However, they are probably most well known for their Shiraz which is the Australian name for Syrah (it is the same grape). Also like California, Australian wine regions tend to be quite warm, leading to ripe, rich and alcoholic wines. The Shiraz do not tend to resemble their cousins in the Northern Rhône valley in France, tending to be more fruit-forward. However, they do make many world class examples which can be very impressive.
  • Portugal (Duoro, Port): Portugal is most well-known for its red, fortified, sweet wines called Port, although they do make a number of dry wines as well. Port comes in several styles and is produced from several grape varietals, most of which are unfamiliar to people outside of Portugal. Vintage Port, produced from a single vintage, is the grand-daddy of them all, requiring many years or decades of age to reach its peak. Tawny Ports are aged in wood casks and therefore are more evolved, lighter in color (hence the name) and ready to drink when bottled. There are other styles as well, including Ruby Ports, Vintage Character Ports, Late Bottled Vintage Ports, Single Quinta Ports, and Colheita. If you are interested in learning more about Port, there is a great site dedicated to this unique wine called For the Love of Port.
  • New Zealand: Another of the newer wine regions, New Zealand has produced some very interesting wines in the past couple decades. Many grapes are grown but they have come to be known for their Sauvignon Blancs. They are actually very good, with bright, crisp acidity and minerality, much like their French counterparts. Some good Chardonnays are produced as well.
  • South Africa: Like New Zealand, South Africa has produced some interesting wines. Sauvignon Blanc does well here too as does Chenin Blanc, which is called Steen here.